What Infections Does Metronidazole Treat In Dogs?

How long should dogs take metronidazole?

The dosage of metronidazole typically ranges from 10-30 milligrams per kilogram given two to three times a day. Most dogs will need to be on this medication for at least five to seven days Depending on the condition, some dogs will need treatment for a month or longer.

What is metronidazole for dogs side effects?

The most common side effect of metronidazole is diarrhea, even though it can be prescribed to treat diarrhea. Metronidazole has long-term risks and can cause serious side effects, including tremors and seizures.

Does metronidazole make dogs sleepy?

More serious but less

common adverse effects

of metronidazole in pets include lethargy, weakness, liver damage, and central nervous system disorders.

How does metronidazole stop diarrhea in dogs?

Many veterinarians prescribe metronidazole, a

nitroimidazole antibiotic

, for the treatment of acute diarrhea in dogs. 1, 10, 13 It has a broad spectrum of activity against anaerobic bacteria including potential enteric pathogens such as Clostridium perfringens , and antiprotozoal activity is observed at higher dosages.

Should metronidazole for dogs be taken with food?

Metronidazole for dogs is usually used to treat giardia or other conditions causing diarrhea. Common side effects of metronidazole in dogs include stomach upset, nausea, and decreased appetite; therefore, it is recommended that this medication be given with food.

What are the most common side effects of metronidazole?

  • vomiting.
  • nausea.
  • diarrhea.
  • constipation.
  • upset stomach.
  • stomach cramps.
  • loss of appetite.
  • headache.

Is 500mg of metronidazole a lot for dogs?

If your dog has an infection from anaerobic bacteria, then you might expect your vet to prescribe 11 to 22 mg per pound to be given twice a day.

metronidazole tablets

typically come in doses of 250 to 500 mg per pill Your vet can give you advice on how to properly measure the dose for your dog.

How do I know if metronidazole is working?

by Drugs.com Metronidazole starts to work 1 to 2 hours after you take it , because it is quickly absorbed, and it reaches its maximum concentration after 20 minutes to 3 hours. But it may take a couple of days before you start to feel better or notice an improvement in your symptoms.

Should metronidazole be taken with food?

How to take metronidazole liquid. Metronidazole liquid does not need to be taken after food This medicine comes with a plastic syringe or spoon to help you measure out the right dose. If you do not have one, ask your pharmacist for one.

Does metronidazole for dogs need to be refrigerated?

Storage Information. Keep the oral, liquid form of metronidazole refrigerated and shake well before use. Tablets and capsules are to be kept in a tightly sealed container at room temperature and protected from heat and light.

How much metronidazole do you give a 10 pound dog?

Recommended Dosage The correct dosage will depend on the condition being treated. When treating Giardia, metronidazole is often given at 7 to 11 mg/lb every 24 hours , but up to 29.5 mg/lb is possible in some cases when the vet deems it necessary. For anaerobic infections 11 – 22 mg/lb given twice daily is common.

How long do antibiotics take to work on a dog?

This medication will take effect quickly, in about 1 to 2 hours While effects may not be noted outwardly, gradual improvements are usually noticeable after a few days.

What do vets give dogs for diarrhea?

If the diarrhea is severe, your veterinarian may want you to also give your dog some loperamide (Imodium AD™) This can help to reduce fluid loss until the rice-water fast, white rice and acidophilus, and the dog’s own healing system can overcome the diarrhea.

How can I harden my dogs poop?

To firm up your dog’s stool, try switching to a high-quality, low-fat dog food that lists meat as the main ingredient Also, if your dog currently eats wet food, gradually replace the wet food with dry food until your dog is only eating dry food, which can help make its stools firmer.

How much metronidazole do you give a 50 pound dog?

The generally accepted dose range is 5-20mg per kg (2.2lb) of your dog’s body weight.

How do dogs get Giardia?

Your dog or cat might get infected by: Being in contact with infected poop from another dog or cat Rolling and playing in contaminated soil. Licking its body after contact with a contaminated surface (for example, a dirty litter box or dog cage or crate).

Does metronidazole cause diarrhea?

Diarrhea. Diarrhea is a common side effect of metronidazole While your antibiotic is busy battling the germs that are making you sick, the good-for-you bacteria in your gut become collateral damage. When that balance tips, the result can be loose, watery stools, the Mayo Clinic notes.

What can I feed my dog on antibiotics?

A low-sodium beef, chicken, or bone broth is often helpful. In addition, warming the food to bring out the aroma often makes it more palatable to cats and dogs, who rely much more on their sense of smell than their sense of taste when it comes to deciding what is tasty and what is not.

Can you give metronidazole to dogs with cheese?

VeterinaryPartner.com suggests wrapping the pill in lunch meat, bread or cheese , or stuffing it in a hot dog or pill pocket. If that doesn’t work, ask your vet to prescribe a liquid suspension of metronidazole, compounded for easier dosing, or to administer an injectable dose of the medicine.

Is Scrambled Egg good for dogs with diarrhea?

Scrambled eggs are a good option for dogs with diarrhea because they are easy to digest and packed full of protein. Dogs who have been vomiting or eating stool may not be able to handle the high-fat content but scrambled egg is one of the best options out there.

What foods should you avoid while taking metronidazole?

  • Do not mix these items with drugs such as metronidazole (Flagyl) and linezolid (Zyvox), used to treat bacterial infections.
  • These foods, along with tap beer, red wine, and sherry, contain tyramine, an amino acid that can cause blood pressure to spike if taken with linezolid.

Can metronidazole cause constipation in dogs?

Metronidazole for dogs is a type of medicine that is used to treat a variety of bacterial and parasite-related conditions. Because bacteria and parasites are among the most common causes of canine constipation, metronidazole is a useful medicine that many veterinarians recommend and prescribe on a regular basis.

How long does it take for metronidazole pill to work?

6. Response and effectiveness. Peak concentrations are reached within one to two hours after dosing; however, it may take up to 48 hours before infection-related symptoms start to abate.

Can you give a dog metronidazole on an empty stomach?

Metronidazole should be given by mouth with food Liquid forms must be shaken well before use. Metronidazole is very bitter, so take care not to crush these tablets as it will be difficult to administer to your pet. Follow the dosing instructions provided by your veterinarian.

How much metronidazole do you give a 45 pound dog?

Metronidazole Dosage for Dogs Dogs usually need between 5-20 mg per kg of body weight.

Is 5 days of metronidazole enough?

Most people are prescribed an antibiotic called metronidazole, which is very effective if taken correctly. You’ll usually have to take metronidazole twice a day, for 5 to 7 days.

Can you crush metronidazole for dogs?

Metronidazole tastes HORRIBLE. If you crush it and mix it with food, your dog will probably not eat it The stuff is nasty, even to species that eat poop. I’d suggest putting the whole pill in a spoonful of peanut butter.

Does metronidazole treat diarrhea?

Metronidazole is used to treat parasitic infections including Giardia infections of the small intestine, amebic liver abscess, and amebic dysentery (infection of the colon causing bloody diarrhea) , bacterial vaginosis, trichomonas vaginal infections, and carriers of trichomonas (both sexual partners) who do not have.

How do you calculate metronidazole for dogs?

Recommended dose rates for metronidazole in dogs are 44 mg/kg, PO, followed by 22 mg/kg, qid, for anaerobic infections; 25 mg/kg, PO, bid, for giardiasis; and 66 mg/kg/day, PO, for trichomoniasis.

Does metronidazole make you sleepy?

Metronidazole tablets may make you feel drowsy , dizzy, confused or affect your vision, cause fits or hallucinations. Make sure you are not affected before you drive, operate machinery or take part in any activities where these may put you or others at risk.


Rethinking the role of metronidazole in veterinary medicine